Autism

Is considering moral values above selfish gain a bad thing?

Take a moment to think about the follow scenario: You can choose to accept or refuse to do the following:

  • Fund a good cause at the expense of your own funds
  • Fund a bad cause in exchange for individual monetary benefit

Imagine making this decision in public and then consider whether you would make a different decision if it was done privately.

A study was published in The Journal of Neuroscience showing the difference between the decision of neurotypical and autistic individuals. They found a significant difference in the decisions made by the 2 groups.

  • Neurotypical individuals accepted the bad conditions in private but not in public.
  • Under the private conditions, autistic individuals refused to support the bad cause significantly more than the neurotypical participants.

The authors of the study concluded that autistic participants over-evaluated the negative consequences of their actions. It seems as though the neurodiverse actions have been evaluated as inappropriate despite the neurotypical participants feeling they need to hide their actions.

In MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans showed reduced right temporoparietal junction (rTPJ) in autistic individuals. The authors cite this difference as the reason for autistic “over-evaluation of negative consequences”.

“ASD individuals are more inflexible when following a moral rule although an immoral action can benefit themselves…”

The study suggests that being immoral is the desirable attribute.

The differences could not be explained by decision-making difficulties as autistic individuals as there was no decision time differences. Autistic participants appeared to blur the distinction between private and public decisions when making moral decisions. Participants in this study confirm that autistic individuals do not appear to take into account their social reputation. This is also confirmed in a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Science where they stated that “control subjects” made monetary donation more often in public than they did in private situations.

Female looking distressed beside a tree

Social reputation is found to be a powerful incentive for prosocial behaviour. That is, social reputation is an instrumental reinforcer because better social reputation is rewarding.

Unhelpful pathologising language

Throughout the study, they used unhelpful language that pathologises autism:

  • “healthy group” when referring to the neurotypical participants—this suggests autistic individuals are unhealthy based on their diagnosis
  • “ASD patients” suggests the autistic group were ill
  • “a core deficit in theory of mind ability”—this has been disproven
  • rTPJ “dysfunction” in the autistic individuals—suggests there is something inherently wrong with the autistic brain

How about considering immoral behaviour a dysfunction?! Writing about autism in this way is ableist and harms the whole community.

What does this mean in the real world?

male sitting next to a "homeless and hungry" sign

Autistic individuals tend to prefer sticking to the rules and will often try to speak out when they see unethical or immoral behaviour behaviour even if it doesn’t impact us directly. In a capitalist society, sticking to your morals isn’t a popular choice and often leads to monetary loses. There are high rates of homelessness and and poverty amongst autistic people. They will refuse to cut corners; maintaining jobs can be difficult due to an inability to compromise their morals.

Autistic people do not consider themselves righteous or better than anyone else it’s just that integrity comes naturally.

To be clear, I’m not saying all autistic people are selfless and all neurotypicals are selfish but just trying to point out that studies such as this one setting out to “find out what’s wrong with autistic people” are closed minded to the fantastic opportunities an autistic mind could bring to the world.

Another way to interpret the data could be as follows:

“…neurotypicals compulsively assign unwarranted value to social constructs because of a need to conform while atypical minds recognise that there is no actual benefit in doing so”

Fruitbrute—Twitter

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